In this blog, you will learn about **calculation of plaster?** Further we will **calculate quantity of cement and sand** in cement-plaster.

## Cement plaster: Difference between mortar and cement?

**Mortar** is a compound mix of **cement** & **sand** or **lime** & **gypsum** with water. While the **cement** is just a bonding agent for cement plaster and mortar. **Cement plaster** is a same compound mix like mortar, but it has different cement & sand mix ratios. Mortar is used for masonry work, while plaster is used to plastering the walls which is called **cement plaster wall**. The plaster which is made up with Portland cement is called **Portland plaster**.

Cement plaster nominal mix ratios are **1:4, 1:5, 1:6,** where 1 part of cement and other parts of sand. The plaster mix ratio **1:6** is use for inner walls plastering while **1:4** is use for outer walls plastering. The thickness of plaster is **12mm** to **15mm**. 1:4 is best cement plaster mix design.

### How to calculate quantity of cement & sand in plaster?

Calculate quantity of cement, sand and water cement ratio in plaster? Formula for calculation of cement sand quantity for plaster mortar. Plaster is the major part of building construction & cement mortar is used for plastring, a little irresponsibility in mortar mixture cost you loss of quality, money.

In this post you will learn about estimation of cement & sand in mortar and water cement ratio. Below we will calculate quantity in **Cubic feet** as in **Cubic Meter**.

**How to calculate cement plaster?**

How to calculate Area of wall plaster?

**Area of Wall = L×H**- Area of Wall = 12’×10′ = 120 sft

Thickness of plaster = 10mm = 0.375 Inch

**Wet Volume of Mortar** = Area × Thickness of plaster

**Wet Volume=120×(0.375/12) = 3.75 Cft**

- 0.375 divided by 12 to convert inch into foot

**Dry Volume of mortar** = 3.75×1.33= **4.98 Cft**

Or **0.141 Cum**

**Now we will use dry volume to get Quantity of cement and sand**

**Ratio of mortar = 1:4**

**Sum of ratio = 5**

### Cement calculation in plaster:

**Quantity of****Cement = (1÷5)×4.98 = 0.996**Cft**Cement = (1÷5)×0.141 = 0.0282**Cum

Density of cement = 1440kg/m^{3} or 40.77kg/cft

Multiply cft with 40.77 & cum with 1440 to get quantity of cement in KGs. Cement consumption in plaster 1:4.

**Cft>>>> 0.996×40.77= 40.60 Kg**

**Cum>>> 0.0282×1440= 40.60 kg**

To convert into Bags divide by 50 (50 kg in one bag of cement)

**Or** directly calculate cement bags from Volume:

**Volume of cement bag= 0.034cum or 1.226cft**

**Cft>>> 0.996÷1.226 = 0.82 Bag**

**Cum>>> 0.0282÷0.034 = 0.82 Bag**

Read also Quantity of concrete.

### Sand calculation in plaster:

- Simply Multiply Dry Volume of cement by 4 (sand is 4 times of cement) OR
- Sand = (4÷5)×4.98 = 3.984 Cft
- Quantity of Sand = (4÷5)×0.141 = 0.112 Cum

As Sand is sold & purchased in CFT & CUM, so it don’t need to be converted

If you want to convert it into KGs then multiply Cft Volume with 45.30 and Cum volume with 1600.

**Density of sand is 1600kg/m ^{3} OR 45.30 kg/cft**

cft>>> 3.984×45.30 = 180.47 kg

Cum>>> 0.112×1600 = 180.47 kg

### Water cement ratio of mortar:

As water is about **0.45** to **0.50** times to cement. To maintain its strength and workability, water should be add with exact ratio. As cement is **40.60 kg** so the water will be **20.30** **kg/Ltr**.

If there is high volume of mortar or concrete, ready mix plaster and ready mix concrete can be used to save time and manpower. How to calculate plastering cost? Just multiply the cement bag with rate of and quantity of sand with rate. Add labour cost for preparation of plaster work.

Read article about concrete mix grades.